New Zealand Embassy Jakarta, Indonesia
New Zealand's community policing style welcome in Indonesia
New Zealand's community policing style is being embraced by the Indonesian National Police (INP) force under a special scheme funded by NZAID.
For the past four years, New Zealand Police officers have been talking with, and “walking the beat” with, their Indonesian counter-parts, the INP, sharing the kiwi style of community policing in districts throughout Indonesia, said Senior Police Liaison Officer based in Jakarta, Tim Haughey.
The scheme is an Indonesian Government initiative and involves other countries and agencies. However, the New Zealand Police are the first foreign police force to be invited into Papua and West Papua provinces to undertake this type of practical police training, said Haughey.
In 2008 New Zealand Police were invited by the head of police (KAPOLDA) to participate in workshops and training seminars in Papua. That same year six New Zealand police officers arrived in Indonesia to take part in the community policing programmes.
“We devised a community policing training programme together with the Indonesian National Police force and it has been carried out in the provinces of Jayapura, Timika, Wamena, Biak, Sorong and Manokwari,” said Haughey.
Community policing focuses on problem-solving and crime prevention at a local level. Police aim to be visible, accessible and familiar to their community.
It means walking the beat, talking to business owners and pedestrians, meeting with community groups and organisations and finding out their concerns and issues, he said. And for many of the local community this is the first time that they would have sat down with the police and discussed issues affecting them.
In places like Papua this has involved meeting with community leaders and organisations to find out their concerns, said Haughey.
Involvement with this process has been “quite moving and very rewarding”, he said.
Haughey said he gets tremendous satisfaction from sharing his knowledge with other law enforcement people and being part of the process of “helping break down barriers and personalising the police.”
The aim of the project is to develop trust between the police and the local community.
“The Indonesian National Police force is very willing to learn from our experiences and likes our interactive form of training,” he said.
The Indonesian National Police force is relatively young, said Haughey. It was previously part of the country’s military force before formally becoming an entity nine years ago. It is currently going through a transformation from being a police force to becoming a police service, he said
Last year, two New Zealand Police trainers returned to Papua and West Papua with Haughey to take part in follow-up training and mentoring sessions with INP officers.
Six hundred INP officers and members of the community attended one of the training session run by the INP trainers under the supervision of the NZ police force and local trainers who are students at the Centre for Security and Peace Studies (CSPS) of Gadjah Mada University (UGM). Twenty five Indonesian INP force members are currently enrolled in its masters’ programme in conflict resolution.
Each year since 2005, five INP officers have received scholarships from NZAID and are accepted in to the Masters programme at UGM. As part of the programme, the officers are required to act as facilitators in conflict resolution workshops at regional police offices around the country.
Community police training has also been delivered in Maluku, Aceh, Yogyakarta and Jakarta.